It develops as strategic point place of traffic

If it was possible for village on the river terrace of the neighborhood of Miyagino in in early stage in last part of pre-earthenware period 1,000 years before approximately 10,000 2,3 and reason, Jomon period 1,000 years before 7,8, and Yayoi era approximately 2,000 years ago became in the middle, Sengokuhara part of Old Lake Ashino made that person had begun to live in Hakone-machi damp ground, and agriculturalist seemed to begin to live.
Yusaka way leading to Mishima from Yumoto in the Kamakura era is beginning, and it is possible for Tokaido knowing Hakone via Hatajuku from Yumoto early in the Edo era that public road is opened in Mount Hakone. "Place hard to pass of the world" and traffic of said Mount Hakone were full of difficulty in history, and Tokugawa shogunate government establishes barrier in the shore of Lake Ashino with expectation of fortress of nature in Hakone. Hakone will develop afterward to post town around barrier as strategic point of traffic.

From single night hot spring cure to international sightseeing spot

8, Hakone village and Hakone barrier seemed to be able to trouble traveler very much, but rich hot spring said to be 7, Hakone hot water was attractive. When it became late in the Edo era, and accommodation in hot-springs resort came to take root in traveler in form of "single night hot spring cure", Hakone came to show serious bustle on trip of general public including fraternity for going and worshiping at the Ise Shrine, Fuji scheme.
It is the Meiji era, and barrier is abolished, and highway becoming the original form of current Route 1 is opened. As traffic becomes convenient, Hakone becomes famous as summer resort only as spa, and, besides, we are loved, and villa comes to be built to foreigner, too. When the Taisho era begins, Hakone Tozan Railway is opened from Yumoto to Gora.
 

Birth and development of Hakone-machi

When municipality organization was enforced in 1889 (Meiji 22), Hakone was Yumoto-mura, hot spring village, Miyagi Nomura, Sengokuhara-mura, Hakone Station, Moto-Hakone-mura, 1 Ashinoyu-mura station 6 village. By the enforcement and merger of towns and villages of town organization, it became 5 or municipalities of Yumoto-cho, hot spring village, Hakone-machi, Miyagi Nomura, Sengokuhara-mura, and this 5 or municipalities were merged in September, 1956 (Showa 31), and current Hakone-machi was born afterwards.
On the other hand, Odakyu Line runs in between Odawara - Hakoneyumoto in 1950 (Showa 25), and Hakone will be linked to the Tokyo downtown area directly. And tourism development is sent high growth of Japanese economy of the 40s to for fair wind rapidly from the latter half of the 30, Showa generation.
Young girl bypass is opened each in Hakone new road, 1964 (Showa 39) in 1962 (Showa 37), and new transportation network corresponding to progress of motorization is maintained. In addition, tourist facility including establishment of the Owakudani nature Hall of Science, old way museum is maintained in reconstruction of Hakone barrier and maintenance, 1972 (Showa 47) of museum in 1965 (Showa 40), too.
With the first oil crisis of 1973 (Showa 48), Japan entered for stable period of growth, and Hakone Ashinoyu flower center, new facility which kept area characteristic of Honcho including contact building of forest alive in 1991 (Heisei 3) after bubble economic collapse were established in Hakone hygrophyte flower garden, 1986 (Showa 61) in 1976 (Showa 51). It develops as Japanese representative international sightseeing spot which charm to have of Hakone adds to colorfulness, and tourist of 20 million a year visits from home and abroad.

 

Running the town which is the commensal cost with nature faster

We always think about harmony with protection and development of nature carefully in Honcho and push forward Running the town while dormitory and sanitarium, sale in lots villa are built in sequence and develop as international sightseeing spot with a variety of charm. We appoint whole town in city planning area in 1971 (Showa 46) and we found green reduction of taxes system and green bank system in 1975 (Showa 50) while we try for prevention of revolt development and install Hakone-machi resources maintenance fund (Hakone trust) when we enter Heisei and plan maintenance of nature positively.
We work on the issue of garbage which can be called fate of sightseeing spot for a long time and declare "sightseeing beautification promotion city" in 1970 (Showa 45) and establish the beautification charter. Beautification center which had garbage destruction by fire processing facility function of 135 tons a day and oversized garbage processing facility function of 30 tons a day established in 1993 (Heisei 5) to support garbage discharge that continued increasing.
In addition, about the public sewer, it was service start the first issue community sewer the around Lake Ashino community sewer in 1989 (Heisei 1) in 1985 (Showa 60).
We introduce main event of town after 1956 as follows.

Improvement of the town chronological table

Photograph of the Improvement of the town past